Prescription tranquilizers and antidepressants are often the first type of treatment for depression. However for some specialists, these drugs ought to be used only as a last resort to take care of this psychological disorder. The disadvantages of these drugs are their unwanted effects such as stress, sleeplessness, adding weight and aggression. Though they may…
It is very important recognize that phobias and fears are definitely not uncommon. Most of us have a dread of something or the other. We might have a fear of flying or traveling, a concern with speaking in public areas, of open up or enclosed areas or of specific objects such as for example bees…
Today, a lot of people are suffering from overweight or obesity. They try several weight loss products and therapies to help them in shedding those extra pounds. But, the problem with the majority of obese people is that they eventually drop their weight loss programs after the initial enthusiasm wears off. Some cannot sometimes think…
Depression, stress, tension, and strain are four key silent killers. The competition and the burning desire to enjoy success is seriously affecting the lives of many people, making them seek other techniques that will help them in living a contented and strong life. Cures for anxiety Dublin results in calm in the entire lives of…
We almost certainly all experience stress and anxiety at one time or another in our lives. Worrying about things is simply natural and often allows us to fix problems or help us to prepare for the most detrimental that can happen. Fretting about things that people haven’t any control over though is probably fruitless and…
Of all first, while you are coping with anxiety management Dublin methods, the very first thing that you should understand is definitely that most times anxiety may be the result of a number of things happening simultaneously. It will become the culmination of a whole lot of diverse stressors that you will be dealing with,…
IntroductionWhile the premise of the soccer in the whole world is known to be pretty obvious, after all, it is just passing the pall to the opponent side with the aim of passing the ball past the goalie in order to score, there can be so many strategies that would be adopted. The strategies are…
IntroductionHave you ever wondered what the football fans ever speak about? or rather, have you ever wondered what they meant by fullback, the sweeper, the midfielder and the likes? Well, for those who are passionate about soccer, this is their life, it is their second nature, but that can be a foreign thought to most…
IntroductionHave you ever got that feeling that longs for something more? Like there is a part of you that want to learn something new, just go out and explore to quench your thirst? Well, for a long time, I have got that feeling and it swings me to want to find out more about soccer….
IntroductionSoccer – one of the main sports played all over the world and therefore, it is essential that you get to learn a few things about soccer. Problem is, most people do not have the time to be in the fields and at the same time be at their offices and therefore, this becomes alto…
In this article, we are going to discuss about the inexpensive designs of the websites that help the website maker not only money but time and effort also. It is not easy for an entrepreneur to spend not only too much money. But they have to spend money because they are going to start a…
this article is like a tip for the people who want to have the business of website. This business can be of web designing or web developing. The business of starting inexpensive websites is a great achievement that is not at all easy to achieve. There are some duties that have to be done by…
This article is about the two terms of web designing and web development. Main reason to write this article is to end the confusion of the clients. Most of the people are always confused between web designing and web development. So, below are some of the main points to describe difference between web designing and…
In this article, we will discuss about getting website traffic in inexpensive way. Web site design New York takes it as a challenge. The reason is it is easier to make a new type of website but it is somewhat tough to bring traffic to the website. Your website must be developed in profitable way…
This article is about the feeling and mental situation of a person when he decided to make his own website. It is a big duty and responsibility to have a website of your own. All the tasks that are done and thought in the mind before starting a website have been discussed in this article….
This article is all about creating a website in limited amount of money. There are many people who want to have their own website but they cannot afford the amount that has to pay in the form of payment. But as the time is passing and people have the knowledge of designing a website on…
In this article, we will discuss about the development of a website. This article has been written in the steps to make it easier for people to understand easily and conveniently. No matter, that you are following an expensive or inexpensive websites, the thing important is that it must be developed completely. Different things and…
The use of fancy dresses always admirable for the people and it helps them to looks beautiful and enjoyable for the parties. The evolutions of the Halloween dress are becoming more excited and popular in these days as it just adds extra features and excitement to your parties. Many parties and theme occasion are also…
Since the word ‘contract’ means to shorten or squeeze together, it seems logical that a contraction is two words made into one by putting an apostrophe where letters have been omitted. Words like can’t (can + not), don’t (do + not), and I’ve (I + have) are all contractions.
They’re is a contraction for they are. Let’s rewrite the given sentence using contractions: They are happy to see me. Its contracted form would be: They’re happy to see me. Observe how we’ve contracted they are to they’re.
Binomials are expressions with two words joined by a conjunction (connecting word).For example: rock and roll more or less The order of the words in the expression cannot be interchanged; for example, we can’t say ‘roll and rock’ or ‘less or more’.
Let’s go through the examples of a few common binomials.Neat and tidy means clean, organized, tidy not messy or untidy.Example 1: Her house is always very neat and tidy: there’s never anything out of place.Odds and ends mean various small, unimportant, inexpensive items.Example 2: I need to clean out my desk; the drawers are full of odds and…
A collocation is a group of words that usually go together. For example, in English, we usually say ‘heavy rain’. It’s grammatically correct to say ‘strong rain’ or ‘big rain’, but both of these sound completely strange. A native English speaker would never say ‘big rain’. Example 1“This is strong coffee”. The collocation here is strong and coffee. But…
A compound word is a word which is made up of two or more words that have a single unit of meaning. For example: fireworks, basketball, full moon, etc.
Most English nouns form their plural by adding either -s (books, bands, bells) or -es (boxes, bunches, batches). These plural forms are said to follow a regular pattern. These noun forms are called regular plurals. But not all nouns forms follow this regular pattern. In fact, some of the most common English nouns have irregular plural forms such as woman/women and child/children. These noun forms that follow this…
There are many words in the English language that have been derived from foreign languages like Latin or Greek.These words have two possible spellings for their plural forms: the English spelling and the foreign plural spelling.For example: Word: formula, Latin plural: formulae, English plural: formulas Some words have only the Latin plural spelling.For example: larva – larvae; alga…
Abbreviations are words that are shortened.There are three ways of abbreviating words:1) Abbreviations can be formed from the first letters of the word or phrase. In such cases, we normally say them by spelling out each letter: Personal Computer = PC World Health Organization = WHO 2) For some written abbreviations, individual letters or sounds…
Words often take different forms such as nouns, verbs and adjectives. Let’s take a look at the given sentences:Example 1: “Respect your parents and teachers.” (respect – verb)Example 2: “Be respectful to your parents and teachers.” (respectful – adjective)Example 3: “Show respect to your parents and teachers.” (respect – noun) We have used different forms of the word ‘respect’. You…
We can use the expression its time + subject + past verb form to refer to the present moment. To understand this let us look at: Example 1 “Gosh! Its almost midnight. Its time we went home.“ ‘Its time’ with a verb in the to-infinitive form can refer to the speaker and the listener together. Example 2 “Come on. It’s time to…
It is important to identify which word best fits the sentence.For example, in the given sentence:I _____ her to visit me. (insisted, requested)Here, ‘insisted’ should have been followed by ‘that’. Hence, the right word that fits the sentence is ‘requested’.
We use ‘both’ to refer to two things or people together. ‘All’ is used to refer to every individual or member of a group, with no exceptions.For example:All the children left early. Both the children left early.
Both ‘begin’ and ‘start’ indicate the initial or commencing point of something. However, they are not entirely interchangeable. ‘Begin’ is more formal than ‘start’. When we talk about machines or the opening of a new business, we use ‘start’, not ‘begin’.In general, we use ‘start’ (but not ‘begin’) when we wish to denote the setting out…
Many words have similar spellings and are therefore used incorrectly. Care must be taken to ensure the right spelling of the word is used and that the word fits the context in which it is used in the text.For example: He holds no delusions to the past. -incorrectHe holds no allusions to the past. -correct
There are many words in the English language that may be confused with other words because they have similar spellings and/or meanings. For example: accept, except advice, advisethen, thanbear, bare
Word families are groups of words that have common features or patterns. For example, at, cat, fat and hat can be grouped into one family because they have at in common. There are several word families. Some examples are ack, ad, ail, age, ame, ank, etc.
Words spoken in any language have specific meanings and usages. The meaning of the word also depends on the context in which it is used. For example, the word “bright” in the sentence “He is a bright child” can mean two things. Either it means “filled with light” or “smart”.In this context “bright” would mean…
We can transform sentences using an absolute participle followed by a noun clause to retain the same meaning. For example: Though she means well, should we follow her advice?This sentence can be transformed as:Admitting she means well, should we follow her advice?
An absolute participle followed by a noun clause can be used to express contrast. For example:The wind blowing hard, the man did not turn up his collar.This sentence means that even though the wind was blowing hard, the man did not turn up his collar.
The adverb ‘indeed’ followed by the conjunction ‘but’ can be used to express contrast. For example:Mary was tired indeed, but she cooked dinner for the whole family.This sentence means that though Mary was very tired, she cooked dinner for the whole family.
We can transform sentences using the adverb ‘indeed’ followed by the conjunction ‘but’ to retain the same meaning. For example:Even though he was very late, he managed to finish the presentation.This sentence can be transformed as:He was late indeed, but he managed to finish the presentation.
We can transform sentences using ‘however’ followed by another adjective or adverb to retain the same meaning.For example:Even if she screams very loudly, he will not be able to hear her.This sentence can be transformed as:However loudly she screams, he will not be able to hear her.
The relative adverb ‘however’ followed by an adjective or adverb can be used to express contrast. For example:However difficult the problem, you should never give up.This sentence means that even if the problem is very difficult, you should not give up.
We can transform sentences using ‘nevertheless’ and none the less’ to retain the same meaning. For example:Jenny works very hard, but she is unsuccessful.This sentence can be transformed as:Jenny works very hard, nevertheless, she is unsuccessful.ORJenny works very hard, none the less, she is unsuccessful.
‘Nevertheless’ and ‘none the less’ can be used to frame sentences expressing a contrast. For example: They tried to stop her from speaking; nevertheless, she persisted. This sentence means that though they tried to stop her from speaking, she continued to speak.
We can use the preposition ‘notwithstanding’ followed by a noun clause to express a contrast. For example:Notwithstanding the bad weather, they left for their road trip.This sentence means that even though the weather was bad, they left for their road trip.
We can transform sentences using ‘notwithstanding’ followed by a noun clause to convey the same meaning. For example:Though I was ill, I completed the project on time.This sentence can be transformed as:Notwithstanding my illness, I completed the project on time.
The conjunctions ‘though’ or ‘although’ can be used to frame sentences expressing a contrast. For example:Though David is strong, he could not lift the rock from the ground.This sentence means that in spite of being strong, David was unable to lift the rock from the ground.
We can transform sentences to express a contrast by using ‘though’ or ‘although’ to retain the same meaning. For example:Tina tried to call him every day, but he never answered.This sentence can be transformed as:Although Tina tried to call him every day, he never answered.ORThough Tina tried to call him every day, he never answered.
The conjunction ‘as’ can be used to express a contrast in a sentence. For example: Talented as she is, she did not perform well on the stage. This sentence means that even though she is talented, she failed to perform well on the stage.
We can transform sentences expressing a contrast by using the conjunction ‘as’ to retain the same meaning. For example:Though it was sunny, we decided to stay indoors.This sentence can be transformed as:Sunny as it was, we decided to stay indoors.
We use conjunctional phrases in sentences expressing condition. A condition can be expressed by using conjunctional phrases such as in case. Let’s take a look at the examples: In case it rains, I shall put on my rain coat.In case you are not satisfied with the product, you can send it back.
In formal situations, we can use if + were to when we talk about things that might happen but which we think are unlikely: If the Prime Minister were to resign, there would have to be a general election within 30 days. In even more formal styles, we use were + subject-verb inversion + to-infinitive:[V]Were [S]we [to -INF]to give up the fight now, it would mean…
Look at the following examples of sentences expressing a condition: 1. If you don’t work hard, you will not succeed.2. Unless you work hard, you will not succeed.Both these sentences have the same meaning. The first half of both sentences expresses a condition and the second half expresses a result.
If means on (the) condition that, provided (that), providing (that), presuming (that), supposing (that), assuming (that), as long as…Example:If I am free this evening, I will watch the match.On the other hand, unless means except if.Example:You will feel cold unless you wear a warm jacket.
Sentences that express a condition usually contain two halves. The first half expresses a condition. The second half explain the result of fulfilling or not fulfilling that condition.
Read the following sentence:Technology is an important part of modern life.This is a cohesive sentence because it contains a subject and a predicate. It also makes sense by itself. Now, let’s combine this sentence with other sentences:Technology is an important part of modern life. There have been several new innovations in technology over the years….
Cohesive sentences are those that have at least one subject and a verb. They should make complete sense by themselves. Several sentences together make a paragraph. For the paragraph to be cohesive, you have to make sure that all the sentences are individually cohesive and that they follow each other in a logical sequence.
There are many ways in which we may combine sentences. While combining sentences, we must ensure we do not change the meaning it is intended to convey. We may combine sentences using punctuation instead of conjunctions.For example:She stayed home. He worked.She stayed home while he worked. – using a conjunction (while)She stayed home; he worked….
Eg.: A soldier of the tenth legion leaped into the water as soon as the ship touched the shoreNo sooner did the soldier of the tenth legion leap into the water than the ship thouched the shore.
Two or more simple sentences may be combined into one simple sentence by using a participle, a noun or phrase in apposition, a preposition with a noun or gerund, the nominative absolute construction, an infinitive, an adverb or an adverbial phrase. Example: He is very tired. He cannot run. – He is too tired to run.
eg. Complex – I am certain you have made a mistake.Compound – You have made a mistake and of this I am certain.
eg. Compound – He saw the danger and paused.Complex – When he saw the danger he paused. eg. Compond – He aimed at winning the prize and worked hard.Complex – He worked hard so that he might win the prize.
eg. Complex – He was so tired that he could not stand.Simple – He was too tired to stand.
eg. Complex – Men who have risen by their own exertions are always respected.Simple – Self-made men are always respected.
eg. Complex – He said that he was innocent.Simple – He declared his innocence.
eg. Simple – The management is thoroughly bad.Complex – The management is as bad as it could be.
A simple sentence may be converted to a complex sentence by expanding a word or phrase into an adjective subordinate clause. Example:There I saw an adorable baby. – SimpleThere I saw a baby which was adorable. – Complex
eg. Simple – He confessed his crime.Complex – He confessed that he was guilty.
A simple sentence can be converted to a complex sentence by expanding a word or phrase into a subordinate clause.This clause may be a noun, adjective or adverb clause.
When interchanging sentences, you have to make sure that the meaning of the sentence remains unchanged. Positive, comparative and superlative sentences can be interchanged in the following way: Positive: No other boy in the class is as smart as Kevin.Comparative: Kevin is smarter than the other boys in the class.Superlative: Kevin in the smartest boy in the class.The first sentence compares…
eg. Compound – We must eat or we cannot live. Simple – We must eat to live.
A simple sentence can be converted to cmpound by enlarging a word or phrase into a co-ordinate clause.eg. Simple – Besides robbing the poor child, he also murdered her.Compound – He not only robbed the poor child but also murdered her.
eg. He began late. He finished first.Combination – He finished first though he began late.
eg. A fox once met a lion. The fox had never seen a lion before.Combination – A fox who had never seen a lion before, met him.
eg. He may be innocent. I do not know.Combination – I do not know whether he is innocent.
eg. Abdul is ill. He cannot study. He still attends school.Combination – Abdul is ill and cannot study, yet he still attends school.
eg. It is raining heavily. I will take an umbrella with me.Combination – It is raining heavily, so I will take an umbrella with me.
eg. Do not be a borrower. Do not be a lender.Combination – Do not be a borrower or a lender.
eg. I was annoyed. I kept quiet.Combination – I was annoyed, yet (still) I kept quiet.
eg. The town was enclosed by a strong wall. The eney was unable to capture it.Combination – The town having been enclosed by a strong wall, the enemy was unable to capture it.
eg. He has failed many times. He still hopes to succeed.Combination – Inspite of many failures he hopes to succeed.
eg. He deserved to succeed. He failed.Combination – He failed undeservedly. eg. The sun set. The boys had not finished the game.Combination – The boys had not finished the game by sunset.
eg. We must finish these exercises. There are still three sentences.Combination – We have still three sentences of this exercise to finish.
We may combine sentences using a preposition followed by a noun or a gerund. For example: I had a shower. Then I waited for Jim.After having a shower, I waited for Jim.
eg. This is my friend. Her name is Shruti.Combination – This is my friend Shruti.
eg. He jumped up. He ran away.Combination – Jumping up, he ran away.
eg. Whenever he heard the question, the old man who lived in that house, answered that the earth is flat.Principle clause – “the old man….. answered”Adverb clause of time – “whenever he heard the question”Adjective clause – “who lived in that house”Noun clause (object of “answered”) – “that the earth is flat”
eg. Breathes there the man with soul so dead who never to himself hath said, “this is my own, my native land?”Principal clause – “Breathes there the man with soul so dead”Adjective clause – “who never to himself hath said”Noun clause (subordinate to adjective clause) – “this is my own, my native land?”
eg. I think that he destroyed the letter which you sent there.Principal clause – “I think”Noun clause (object of “think”) – “that he destroued the letter”Adjective clause (subordinate to the noun clause) – “which you sent there”
Eg.: We passed an anxious hour. We passed an hour anxiously.
Eg.: He fought bravely. He put up a brave fight. Eg.: The Act gave freedom to the negro slaves. The Act made the negro slaves free.
Eg.: Though the ant is small it is as intelligent as the elephant. Though the ant is small, its intelligence is similar to that of the elephant. Eg.: I cannot consent to your going. I cannot give my consent to your going.
Eg.: They welcomed the good news most joyfully. They welcomed the good news with great joy. Eg.: He is admittedly the greatest general of the country. Everyone admits that he is the greatest general of the country.
Eg.: The cost is twelve rupees. It costs twelve rupees. Eg.: These mangoes have a sweet smell but a sour taste. These mangoes smell sweet but taste sour.
You must be able to identify the correct order of words in a sentence. To ensure the meaning of the sentence is conveyed clearly, all qualifying words, phrases and clauses should be placed as close as possible to the words to which they refer.
In general, we follow the order ‘manner – place – time’ for the placement of adverbs in a sentence. Adverbs of place tell us about the place of the action. Example: here, there, somewhere, etc. Adverbs of time tell us about the time of an action. Example: now, then, soon, tonight, early, etc. Adverbs of duration tell us…
An adverb of frequency answers the question ‘how often’ (eg. often, sometimes, always, never, generally, etc.). They are positioned according to the following rules: 1. If the verb is only one word: The adverb of frequency is placed between the subject and the verb.Example: She always cries. 2. If the verb has more than one word: The…
To stress the adverb, it is placed before the subject. For example: Readily, he took up the new task.We usually place the stressed adverb before the auxiliary or the single verb ‘be’. For example: I usually am free on Saturdays.
Adverbs of manner are usually placed after the main verb. Example: She sings well. For stressed adverbs, we may place the adverb before the verb. Example: She quickly told him the plan.Certain adverbs of manner always follow the verb – well, badly, hard, fastExample: He ran fast.
When there are two or more adverbs following a verb (and its object), we have the order: adverb of manner, adverb of place, adverb of time. For example: We will stay here tomorrow night.
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