Abbreviations are words that are shortened.
There are three ways of abbreviating words:
1) Abbreviations can be formed from the first letters of the word or phrase. In such cases, we normally say them by spelling out each letter:
- Personal Computer = PC
- World Health Organization = WHO
2) For some written abbreviations, individual letters or sounds from the word are used, although the word is always said in full:
- Doctor = Dr
- Mister = Mr
3) Abbreviations are also formed by omitting one or more syllables from a word. This is sometimes called clipping because we keep the beginning of the word and clip the rest of the word.
- Examination = Exam
- Photograph = photo
Here’s a cool fact, we can make our own abbreviations, but everyone may not be able to understand them.
For example, I can abbreviate a name: John Dwayne to JD.