There are several Civil rights act that protect the Americans from losing their jobs due to discrimination. These laws are Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, the Act of 1990 for Americans with Disabilities and the Act of 1967 Age Discrimination in Employment. Outlined here are some of the discriminatory factors that are protected by the law.
1964 Civil Rights Act
One of the earliest laws passed against discrimination in the place of work was in 1964 against discrimination because of the race of the employee. This meant that the worker could not be harassed at their place of work because of the racial group they belonged to or had married. Often people who married persons from a racial group that was discriminated against also ended up facing the same problems as the spouse. This was thoroughly against the Civil Rights Act and action could be taken against those who ere creating this problem for the employee.
Similarly employees could not be discriminated against because of their nationality. Once a person was allowed to work in a particular country he or she should be treated like any other employee and not give any kind of maltreatment because of his nationality and origin. Language barriers should also not arise because of the employee’s different accent. This could only be termed as a problem if the employee’s ignorance of the local language was creating a problem with the work.
Religion based discrimination
The civil rights act also takes into view discrimination because of religion. According to this act the employees should not be forced to take part in any kind of religious activity which is not of their faith, and cannot be treated in a less favorable way because of their religion. Any kind of mistreatment because of religious differences is not acceptable in places of work and employees should be given the freedom to follow their own religion.
The Equal pay act of 1963 also mentions that salaries should be paid to all the employees according to their work and no one should be discriminated and paid a lesser amount for the work he or she is doing because of any of the above mentioned categories which is disability or age, nationality, sex, religion, color or race. Salaries should also not be different for women and men especially if they are equally qualified and doing the same kind of work in similar surroundings and in the same organisation. Salaries should differ only when there is a difference in qualifications, quality and quantity of work, merit and seniority.