If you’re in trouble with the law and not exactly sure what to expect, it can be quite scary to say the least. It can also be difficult to understand, especially if you’ve never been in trouble before. If for any reason your home or any of your property is to be searched, make sure the police officers have a warrant. If they are to arrest you, make sure they have a warrant, but I’m getting ahead of myself. Let me familiarize you with the various types of warrants.
Let’s begin by defining what a warrant is. A warrant is a writ or specific authorization that was either issued by a judge or magistrate. It gives a competent officer the authority to legally violate an individual’s rights where it normally would be illegal to do so. Types of warrants include search, execution, share, and bench. Here’s a little bit of information about each type.
Search warrants are court ordered by a judge allowing law enforcement to conduct a search of your home and property for evidence of a crime. They can confiscate any evidence found. Law enforcement generally makes plans ahead of time to execute a search warrant prior to actually entering the premises.
Execution warrants are writs that authorize the execution of a judgment of death on a person. This type of warrant acts like an arrest warrant only with deadly force instead of an arrest as the end result. These are often confused with “license to kill.” A judicial or executive official issues an execution warrant to someone who has been sentenced to death in trial court, after a trial and conviction and after they’ve appealed and lost. Death warrant has been signed and the execution date has been set.
Share warrants are not like the other warrants because they are issued by public limited companies. These companies have fully paid up shares. Private companies can’t issue warrants. This document states that the bearer is entitled to the shares mentioned in the agreement. There is usually a coupon book for future payment of dividends.
Bench warrants are immediate and on-sight. These are usually given to people who are in contempt of court, often because they fail to appear. They are issued in either criminal or civil court cases. Many times, the person who receives a bench warrant has done so because they intentionally failed to appear from fear of the consequences. If someone has a bench warrant against them, they can be stopped by police officers and put in jail until their hearing where a new bail is set followed by a new court date. Most times, they are considered a flight risk and held without bail.
Hopefully, now that you know some of the different types of warrants out there, you’ll be more prepared next time you’re in trouble with the law. It is important to know your rights. However, the best defense against the law though, is to never be in trouble in the first place.