For lung cancer, there are two types. The first is referred to small cell cancer. The other, which makes up the majority of lung cancer types is simply categorized as ‘non’ small cell cancer. We need to know the treatments available to cure this dangerous killer disease.
For small cell cancer type, there are the chemotherapy and radiation treatments. Normally, these small cells would have spread outside the lungs. This makes surgery a limited option and not possible. Thus, there is chemotherapy. Chemotherapy can kill or prevent the cancerous cells from dividing (growing uncontrollably). This is done by either consuming the drugs by mouth or by injecting the appropriate treatment drugs directly into the body. Radiation will be based on the X-ray. The X-ray is high in energy and may be combined with chemotherapy.
In treating ‘non’ small cancer types, there is surgery. Surgery offers the best chance of cure for these types of lung cancer. However, this depends on the size of the cancer. The surgery could either remove the tumour (cancerous cells) and parts of the normal tissue around it. Sometimes, the whole section of the lung is removed entirely or even worse in some cases, the entire lung if the cancer size is too large. In more advanced stages, radiation combined with chemotherapy is the treatment of choice. Chemotherapy and molecular-targeted agents are used to control the cancer if the disease has spread to other organs in the body.
There are in fact, ways to reduce risks of developing this lung cancer. The first is to obviously quit smoking. The second best advice is avoid second hand smoke at all costs. Lastly, every one should exercise and follow a healthy diet. This will reduce stress and free radicals in the body.