Lung cancer kills thousands of Americans each year. Smoking, radon, and secondhand smoke are the foremost causes of the disease. Even though it can be treated, the survival rate is one of the lowest for people with cancer. In a number of cases it can be prevented.
Radon is the favored cause of cancer of lung amongst non-smokers, in accordance with EPA estimates. By and large, radon is the second foremost cause of the disease. Radon is responsible for roughly 21,000 lung cancer deaths each year. Approximately 2,900 of these deaths happen amongst those who have never smoked.
It is a radioactive gas released from the normal rot of uranium in rocks and soil. Radon is an unscented, invisible, tasteless gas that seeps up by way of the ground and diffuses into the air. Everybody breathes radon in on a daily basis, typically at very low levels. However, in areas with no enough ventilation, like underground mines, radon could mount up to levels that considerably increase the risk of lung cancer. Radon levels could be higher in homes that are well insulated, tightly sealed, and/or built on uranium-rich soil. On account of their closeness to the ground, basement and first floors usually have the highest radon levels.
Latest research in Europe authenticates that radon is much more damaging to children than to adults. Lung cancer frequency in consequence of radon exposure is estimated to be roughly ten times higher for those exposed at the age of about 15 than at about 50.
However, the start of cancer of lung takes decades. EPA has not discovered compelling epidemiologic data of increased risks to children (except to the smallest ones) and its radon guidelines for homeowners are hence based exclusively on the cancer risks of the cancer to adults.