Mesothelioma is an intricate form of cancer that grows in the covering around the lungs, heart, and abdomen. The disease is caused due to harmful mineral asbestos. Exposure to asbestos in the workplace, in schools where asbestos is used in the walls, at home while washing clothes with asbestos can lead to this dreadful disease. The most bizarre thing is that it is diagnosed after many years of exposure to asbestos.
Asbestos is a cluster of minerals that is present in nature. It is remarkably resistant to heat. It was used on a large scale in various industries due its resourcefulness and power. Asbestos contact, in 80% cases is responsible for the dangerous disease. Asbestos when heated releases fibres in the atmosphere. These fibres enter the membrane of lungs and lead to the development of deformed cancer cells.
This hostile cancer is of three types, Pleural-mesothelioma which affects the area around the lungs. The signs are huskiness, continual cough followed by pain in chest many times diagnosed as pneumonia. Pericardial-mesothelioma disturbs the membrane of the heart. Uneven heart beat, pain in the chest, low energy, are common symptoms. Peritonial-Mesthelioma crashes the lines of abdominal cavity resulting in soreness and unrestrained cancer cell growth.
The diagnosis of the disease can be done by x-rays and through scanning. A detailed check up of the patient is carried out to detect the growth of the cancer cells. Biopsy is the definite test for more accuracy as in this a tissue of the body is carefully studied with the help of microscope. Mesomark is a latest and unbeaten blood test for perfect diagnosis of this disease. Once the extent of the disease is confirmed the treatment can be started by the doctor.
The disease can be treated by several methods. Surgery, chemotherapy and radiation are commonly recommended. Combination of two or more treatments is preferred at most of the times. In many cases the diagnosis is too late for surgery. Efforts are now being made by doctors to increase the life span of the patients with new innovative treatments like angiogenesis, gene therapy, and immunotherapy.