Have you ever heard of mesothelioma? If you are not aware of what exactly is mesothelioma, in this article we will tell you about this type of disease. Basically this is a rare kind of cancer which generally arises from the cells lining the sacs of the chest or the abdomen.
There are two major cell types of mesothelioma. These are the epithelial and the sarcomatoid. In some cases there is only one type of cell while in the other there can be combination of both the types of cells. The occurrence of sarcomatoid is rare. In some cases, the mesothelioma can also occur from benign and the non-malignant cells. However, this type of mesothelioma cancer can be treated surgically.
There are several symptoms associated with the occurrence of mesothelioma. In some cases the patient suffering from this disease can complain from the chest pain and the shortness of breath. At times, though the pleura are associated with this type of cancer, yet there is no pleuritic pain. This results in the late diagnosis and consequently late treatment. Unfortunately in some cases, the mesothelioma cancer does not show any kind of symptoms at all. In such cases, it becomes very difficult for the patient to survive longer.
As the disease reaches its advanced stage, the patient suffers from the loss of weight due to the loss of appetite. This is also associated with extreme pain in the abdomen or the chest. The breathing problem gets increased resulting in extreme discomfort of the patient. Some patients suffering from mesothelioma in its early stage also complains of the developing night sweats. The diaphragm stops functioning and there arises several complicated in the body one by one.
The tests involved in the disease may include a CT Scan or a biopsy. There are several treatment options of this disease. It can be treated with surgery, radiation therapy, chemo therapy or in some cases with drugs. The kind of treatment to be done depends on the extent of the spread of the cancer and the ability of the patient to accept the treatment.
As technology is getting more progressed, research is being conducted to improve the treatment procedures of Mesothelioma. Some doctors in the recent days combine one treatment options with the other. This may include the combination of chemo therapy with other kind of therapy or it may also involve chemo therapy with some particular kind of drug. In the recent days, research is also being conducted on the processes of biological therapy.
In some cases, alternative treatment options are also available which may include acupuncture, massage therapy but these are not so effective always.