Mesothelioma is a type of cancer that takes place in the mesothelial lining in different organs of the body, such as the lungs, heart or abdomen. It is a rare cancer that forms from the protective lining, which is known as mesothelium.
There are four types of mesothelioma that may arise, known as the pleural mesothelioma of the lungs, pericardial mesothelioma of the heart, peritoneal mesothelioma of the abdomen and the testicular mesothelioma in the testicles.
A common cause of mesothelioma is known to be exposure to asbestos particles. It is considered that those people are at a higher chance of getting mesothelioma that have been working with asbestos, and have gotten the chance to inhale the dust fiber in one way or another.
Most of the time, the diagnosis of mesothelioma can be difficult as its symptoms are often confused with other common conditions such as viral pneumonia. In addition, the symptoms take a long time to develop, which may be another reason why its diagnosis is difficult.
Its symptoms include not being able to breathe with ease, due to the condition of pleural effusion that is the formation of liquid between the lungs and chest wall. Pain in the chest can also be experienced.
Someone afflicted by this condition may feel other general symptoms. These include an obvious weight loss in the person who is suffering from it, problems related to bowel movements, high fever, fatigue, and clotting of blood. The face and neck may also swell up causing difficulty in swallowing food.
The person may also cough a lot, with a continuous wheezing and hoarseness in the voice, while also coughing up blood. Other symptoms that are less common include night sweats which are quite troubling, causing one to wake up at night totally drenched in sweat. Moreover, the person may experience nausea and a severe condition of feet swelling up, leading to difficulty in walking. Thus, knowing all these signs and symptoms will surely help properly diagnose the condition.