Peritoneal Mesothelioma, also known as Abdominal Mesothelioma is a rare cancer of the abdominal lining that protects and lubricates the internal organs. This makes up less than thirty percent of all Mesothelioma cases, as Mesothelioma presents much more frequently in the lining of the lungs.
However, its rarity does not detract from the seriousness of Peritoneal Mesothelioma. Some of the common symptoms include an abnormal collection of fluid in the abdomen, pain or swelling of the abdomen, weight loss, bowel obstruction, anemia, and fever. Because none of these symptoms are unique to this disease, it takes an average of four months.
Peritoneal Mesothelioma comes in three varieties. Dry-painful, is the most common of the types. In this sort, one or more peritoneal masses are seen. The second type is Wet, which is associated with the abnormal collection of fluid in the abdomen caused by ascites. This variety does not present with masses. The third variety is known as mixed. In this case, ascites and masses are present.
The first step towards diagnosis once Peritoneal Mesothelioma is diagnosed is a close examination of both the patient and the patient’s medical history. One of the most important elements in your past pertaining to the possibility of this disease is a history of asbestos exposure. If you may have been exposed to asbestos in the past, let your doctor know right away. The following step is usually some form of imaging done to the abdominal area, in the search for tumors. Paracentesis may come next, if fluid has accumulated in the abdominal cavity. This involves a long needle used to take a sample of the fluid. This may be accompanied by a larger tissue biopsy.
Making an accurate diagnosis is still very difficult, and unfortunately diagnosis is often not made until the cancer has had time to advance.