Lung cancer is known as one of the most deadly condition. Almost everyone is aware that smoking is the most common reason for this condition. However, people should also be aware that this is not exclusive to active smokers as even secondhand smokers can experience the condition. The nicotine contained in cigarettes is toxic and this can cause the development cells in an abnormal way.
Excessive exposures to carcinogenic materials, pollutants and harmful radiation and excessive consumption of alcohol can trigger the abnormal growth of cells within the lungs. There are two different types of lung cancer, SCLC or small cell lung carcinoma and NSCLC or non-small cell lung carcinoma. In the initial cancer stage, the abnormal growth of cells into tumor can only be found within the lungs. During this stage of the condition, the tumor is still benign and has not invaded nearby tissues and lymph nodes.
Symptoms of Stage I Lung Cancer
Early diagnosis of the symptoms of lung cancer calls for immediate treatment that may result to higher survival rate. Some of the initials symptoms of this condition include the following:
· Persistent or chronic cough, which is also known as “smoker’s cough”
· Difficulty breathing due to the constriction of the air passages
· Pain and discomfort within the region of the chest
· Shallow breathing with wheezing sounds
· Blood traces in the sputum or hemoptysis
· Recurring infections within the lungs like pneumonia and bronchitis
· Changes in the voice or throat hoarseness
· Sudden weight loss
· Generalized body weakness and fatigue with body pains
Prognosis of Stage I Lung Cancer
Initial phase or stage 1 lung cancer is often easy to treat, especially if the diagnosis is carried out earlier. Various diagnostic testing include MRI scan, CT scan, X-ray test, and biopsy of the tissues within the lungs. After going through these testing, treatment procedures will then be administered and this will include radiation therapy and chemotherapy. The prognosis of the condition is determined by the patient’s age and overall health condition, the severity of the symptoms and the stage of cancer.
The life expectancy is good and this is due to the timely diagnosis and immediate treatment. The survival rate, on the other hand, is also higher since the condition was detected at an early stage. Take note that immediate diagnosis and administration of treatment can help stop the cancer from spreading and alleviate the symptoms brought by the condition. Unfortunately, this is not the same for stage IV cancer conditions.
Stage IV cancer of the lung is considered as untreatable due to the fact that metastases has already occurred. That means the cancer cells have already gone beyond the lungs and it has already affected various parts of the body. That is the reason why you have to be very familiar with the symptoms. In case you are experiencing any of the symptoms above, the first thing that you have to do is to consult your physician for proper diagnosis and for the immediate treatment of the condition.