Of all the hazards that you’re vulnerable to irrespective of whether you’re working in your office or relaxing in your home, a fire outbreak is perhaps the most destructive. A fire may break out from even a matchstick and has the potential of wreaking incalculable havoc. Therefore, you’d need to evaluate the potential fire risk before you prepare the fire safety plan. You’ll also need to outline the steps you’d take or procedures you’d invariably follow in the event of a fire emergency. One of these would be installing fire exit signs and maintaining them regularly.
The key aspects of a fire emergency strategy
The section in a fire safety plan that deals with the procedures to follow during a fire hazard will have instructions about the action plan to be followed after fire detection. Steps to abide by after the fire alarm is sounded, and informing the fire brigade are some primary procedures.
Moreover, you’d need to categorise strategic escape routes, maintain liaison with fire marshals or wardens, choose assembly points and make a roll call, keep fire fighting equipment in standby mode, and have an exit strategy planned out for disabled people and visitors.
Crisis Management procedures
An emergency plan should be in place that’ll summarise the procedures to be followed during the outbreak of a fire. The procedures must be made known to all the occupants in a facility and they should be able to understand the procedures so that they can respond properly during the actual event.
The occupants of a building should be capable of using the fire alarm system or raising the alarm irrespective of whether they’re complex or simple. All such alarm systems should be distinct and different from other alarm or signalling systems used in the building.
The nearest fire service station should be notified immediately. The informer should clearly specify the address so that the fire fighting team can reach quickly. He or she should also be able to give information of who is in the building.
After the fire alarm has been sounded out, the evacuation strategy will be put to the test. The strategy will invariably depend on building type.
The building administrator or janitor should designate assembly zone(s) well in advance where all the occupants should congregate before evacuation can take place. Fire exit signs should be installed in such a manner that they’re clearly distinguishable. Fire brigade personnel should be able to enter the premises easily.
A head count should be carried out to make sure that every occupant is present. Names of missing persons should be passed on to the fire fighters.