The prostate is a small walnut sized gland that can be found at the bottom of the bladder. It surrounds the tube that carries the urine away from the bladder and makes the fluid that becomes part of semen, of which in turn contains sperm. When a man reaches the age of 40 years old, the prostate gland is usually prone to start suffering from some sort of disorder.
When a prostate disorder develops slowly overtime, the signs are usually very mild or unnoticeable. Also very little discomfort or pain may be experienced. However, if the disorder starts at a faster pace, the signs may be more noticeable at an earlier stage. There are four different types of disorders that a prostate gland may suffer from.
1. Acute Prostatitis is an infection of the prostate gland caused by a bacteria. Its symptoms usually include either a fever or chill, and a dull aching pain in the lower back or groin. At the same time, there may be present a pain or burning sensation when urinating. Acute prostatitis is relatively easy to cure and is usually treated with antibiotic drugs, that both heal the problem, and relieve the symptoms.
2. Chronic Prostatitis is a recurrent infection that has milder symptoms than acute prostatitis. It usually lasts a lot longer, and is considerably more difficult to treat. If the infection is caused by a bacteria, it is usually treated with antibiotics. However, if it is not, the antibiotics will have no effect at all. Hot baths and prostate massages may be used to ease the symptoms, although sometimes chronic prostatitis may even clear up on its own.
3.Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) is more commonly found in older men. It is a term that is used to describe an enlargement of the prostate gland, that may overtime block the urethra and make it either difficult to urinate, or give a strong urge to urinate at a moments notice. BPH may also cause a sufferer to urinate more frequently throughout the day, and may be accompanied by the need to get up several times during the night.
4. Prostate Cancer may show no signs to begin with. However, over time as the cancer becomes more advanced, symptoms may start to appear that make it more difficult to urinate. Either blood or semen may also be found in the urine. Back pain, discomfort in the pelvic area, and a swelling of the legs may also begin to appear. These signs may at first get overlooked, and be put down to after exercise strains, sports activities, or working in the garden, etc.
Any one of the above signs may indicate that a possible problem exists with the prostate gland, and should be checked out as soon as possible. Men over the age of 40 years old should have a prostate examination every year, as many prostate disorders are found with routine medical checks. A prostate disorder may show no visible signs in its early stages, and may not get noticed, until it is in its advanced stages if it is not checked regularly.