Prostate cancer has a high prevalence rate among males. Apart from skin cancer, prostate cancer is among the most common cancer type among men. Black men have been known to have a higher risk of prostate cancer than White men. However, such cancers can be treated with prostate cancer treatments. These treatments are chosen based on several factors relating to the kind of cancer, your age, your health condition, and so on.
What are the risk factors associated with prostate cancer?
Like most other cancers, family history could be an important factor. For instance, if your father, brother, or other men in your close family circles have had this cancer type, you would be advised to undergo regular screening tests. Here are some other important risk factors:
- Age: In the United States alone, this cancer type has the highest prevalence rate among men who are older than 65 years. It is rare to find men under the age of 45 with prostate cancer.
- Race: The incidence of this cancer is comparatively lower among Asian and Pacific Islander men. It is also comparatively low among native Alaskan men and American Indians. Black men are known to be at the highest risk of this cancer as compared with White or Hispanic men.
- Prostate changes: High-grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PIN) cells are known to present a higher risk of cancer among men. A microscopic examination often reveals this abnormal-looking cells.
Looking for symptoms
The most concerning fact about cancer is the lack of early warning symptoms. Signs and symptoms are usually evident only after the malignant tumor grows in size and causes a swelling in the prostate gland. However, you might want to watch out for the following symptoms that are usually caused by cancer growth:
- Facing difficulty in controlling urinary functions. For instance, some men experience leaking urine while laughing or coughing, or a frequent urge to urinate. Similarly, there are some men who experience that it might be difficult to start a stream of urine or stop it.
- Pain and discomfort are other telling signs. Some men might report difficulty in urinating standing up. Spotting blood in the urine or semen could also be an indication of a cancerous tumor in the prostate. In certain cases, a painful or stinging sensation during ejaculation or urination is experienced.
There could be other symptoms of this cancer. Hence, it is advisable to consult with your doctor for any pain, discomfort, or swelling in and around the pelvis area. This could enable the early diagnosis and subsequent cancer treatments to bring you back to good health.
Today, with the availability of advanced prostate cancer treatments, oncologists and radiologists have been able to reduce most of the pain and discomfort associated with this cancer. Prostate cancer treatments usually include hormone therapy, surgery, or radiation therapy.