Men should have a regular check-up for prostate cancer. Prostate cancer information is readily available in doctor’s offices and on the web. Exams and testing check to see if there are any cancer cells present even if the individual has not experienced any symptoms. If cancer is found in an early stage it will be easier to treat and perhaps keep it from spreading. The two most common tests are the digital rectal exam and the prostate specific antigen test known as PSA.
The digital rectal exam allows the doctor to approximate the size of the prostate and to know if there are any abnormalities on the surface. A blood test reveals the PSA levels which in turns helps the doctor to diagnosis if cancer is present. These levels can be higher in a man who has cancer although some medications and infections can cause a false reading.
Prostate cancer information will help a man to understand how this cancer progresses and the risks that are involved. It will also help him to know the benefits of prostate cancer screening. As he educates himself on the subject and asks the doctor questions he will be able to make an informed decision that is right for him.
Growths in the prostate can be cancerous and non-cancerous. Non-cancerous ones rarely cause death and do not threaten other parts of the body. If these are removed they seldom grow back. Cancerous growths may cause death; they may spread to nearby organs and surrounding tissue and at times do grow back once they are removed.
As with other cancers this cancer grows in stages. This is why early screening of this cancer is so important. The earlier it is detected the better the chances of an early cure with minimal problems. These stages of exams may include the digital rectal exam, a bone scan, a CT scan and an MRI. Each stage depends upon the severity of the problem within the prostate.
The prostate cancer information gleaned from these tests will help the doctor to determine if a tumor is present and if it is in one of four stages. Stage I is the earliest stage and treatable and Stage IV is the most advanced. This is why early detection and screening are stressed. Because of the advances that have been made in the treatment of prostate cancer it need not be feared as before.
The Prostate Cancer Research Institute is a charitable institution that is intended to improve the quality of men’s lives by supporting the research and disseminating information about treatment for prostate cancer. It also helps to create awareness and empowers patients, families and the medical community.