The most common form of cancer in humans is skin cancer. There are over one million cases annually, although not all are reported. Cases of skin cancer has continually risen, this raises concerns over public health. Almost half of Americans that reach retirement age will develop skin cancer at some point.
A common indicator of skin cancer is new growths or sores that will not heal. There are three different types of skin cancer. squamous cell carcinoma, basal cell carcinoma also known as carcinoma epithelioma, melanoma. Of these basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma are the most common. These are examples of non melanoma cancers. Because of its ability to rapidly spread, melanoma is regarding as a very dangerous form of cancer.
More than 90% of skin cancer cases in the U.S. are Basal Cell Carcinoma. This type of cancer causes damage by invading the surrounding cells. It is usually not life threatening. People with fair complexions are at greater risks of developing basal cell carcinomas. Basal cell carcinomas cancer can form any where on the body. Skin cancer is also more common in areas where the UV rays of the sun are stronger. An example of this would be Florida having a higher rate than Michigan.
The appearance begins as a small bump, often appearing to have a pearly texture. These bumps often grow slowly taking years to become large.
General treatment consists of performing a biopsy. The goal of the doctor is to remove the entire infected area, sometimes this may require a few stitches. In most cases this is done right in the doctors office. Another form of treatment is freezing called Cryosurgery.