You might not realize it yet, but exposing yourself unprotected to the sun can lead to different types of skin cancer. That stubborn itch or redness can be something more than just an irritation. It’s important that you arm yourself with the right knowledge, so you won’t have any regrets later on.
If you live in a tropical country, you have a greater chance of getting different types of skin cancer. Of course, this doesn’t automatically mean that countries located away from the equator are exempted. As long as you have skin and are exposed to the sun, it’s better to learn as much as you can.
1) Basal Cell Carcinoma
Among the different types of skin cancer, Basal Cell Carcinoma is the most common. It starts from the basal layer of the skin-the deepest layer of your epidermis. You can just imagine how deep the sun’s UV rays can reach your skin!
While normally not dangerous, Basal Cell Carcinoma can take different forms. Sometimes, it can even be confused with psoriasis. This type of skin cancer normally occurs in sun-exposed parts of the body like the face and neck.
2) Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Squamous Cell Carcinoma is the second most common type of skin cancer. It is usually found on sun-exposed parts of the body.
Compared to Basal Cell Carcinoma, this type has a higher risk of metastasis-the spread of a disease from one part of the body to another. Symptoms include ulcer, a reddish plaque and even cyclical bleeding from the tumor (usually on the lip). Squamous Cell Carcinoma can also lead to head and neck cancer.
Children, males and Caucasians have a higher risk of getting Melanoma. While considered one of the rare types of skin cancer, this accounts for 75% of skin cancer related deaths. Symptoms include moles that grow to 6mm, melanomas (usually black but can be multi-colored), asymmetrical skin lesion and irregular border of lesion.
These are the three different types of skin cancer. They are usually caused by overexposure to the sun or UV rays. If you are fair-skinned or are exposed to the sun for most of the day, don’t forget to slather on some sun block before leaving the house.