Skin cancer occurs when an uncontrollable cell growth happens on the epidermis of the skin. Such grown cells multiply and form tumors on the outer surface of the skin, and they are clearly visible. This helps the medical practitioners to detect the cancer at an early stage.
The skin cancer is caused by the exposure of sun rays. There are three types of skin cancers. And further, each type is classified into two kinds, one is Non-melanoma and other is Melanoma. Of them Melanoma is the more dangerous and may lead to death.
The two types of cancer that occur in the human are:
Basic cell carcinoma (BCC) – In this type of cancer, the cancer cells originate in the base cells of the skin, in sense, the lower part of the epidermis. It may be spotted on the skin as a pink elevated growth, in the form of a small round knot like a pearl. It is the most common skin cancer found in the human body.
Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) – The cancer cells originate on the outer layer of the epidermis. They are spotted with a crusted area with a red color tumor which seems to grow.
The alternative treatment for skin cancer is: the exposure to sun for a long time should be avoided. Adequate nutrition is found to be a vital factor in the recovery of skin cancer.
Research conducted by chemists confirm that taking proteins, anti-oxidants and folic acid which are found maximum in the dishes like fish, carrots. Vitamin C is also found to be fighting against cancer cells.